Clomid is an oral medication that can be used to stimulate ovulation. It works by blocking estrogen receptors at the hypothalamus, which is an important "hormonal control center" for the body. When this happens, the hypothalamus is stimulated to release follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH).
Clomid can be helpful for those trying to get pregnant who have any of the following problems:
Irregular Ovulation: It is difficult to conceive when a woman's cycles are so irregular that she can't be sure when she is ovulating. When effective, the use of Clomid should produce a predictable ovulatory response to allow for timed intercourse or intrauterine insemination.
"Male Factor" fertility problems: When there is a problem with the semen quality, sometimes your physician may recommend intrauterine insemination to maximize the chance of pregnancy. Clomid can be used to help improve the timing of the inseminations with the woman's cycle.
Unexplained Infertility: Clomid has also been shown to be effective in increasing pregnancy rates in young healthy couples that have had an entirely normal fertility evaluation, but still are having trouble getting pregnant